>Acute flaccid myelitis

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a sudden onset of paralysis in the spinal cord.

>Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALS, also called Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neurological disease.

>Arteriovenous malformations

Defects of the circulatory system that are believed to arise during fetal development.

>Brachial plexus injury

Brachial plexus injuries are caused by trauma to a network of nerves.

>Brain injury

Brain injury can impact critical functions like thought, comprehension, and speech.

>Cerebral palsy

CP is caused by abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain.

>Friedreich’s ataxia

An inherited disease that leads to damage to the nervous system.

>Guillain-Barré syndrome

Occurs when the body's immune system attacks the peripheral nervous system.


Progressive, hereditary disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.

>Lyme disease

A bacterial infection transmitted by the bite of certain ticks.

>Multiple sclerosis

MS is a chronic and often disabling disease of the central nervous system.

>Muscular dystrophy

MD is characterized by the degeneration of skeletal muscles.


Progressive disorder of the nervous system that causes tumors on the nerves.

>Post-polio syndrome (PPS)

Polio is caused by a virus that attacks the nerves which control motor function.

>Spina bifida

A neural tube defect that causes incomplete closure in the spinal column.

>Spinal cord injury

Involves damage to the nerves within the bony protection of the spinal canal.

>Spinal muscular atrophy

Neuromuscular disease that affects nerve cells and control voluntary muscles.

>Spinal tumors

Tumors are abnormal tissue growth that can impair function.

>Stroke (Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) and Spinal Stroke)

Blood supply to the brain is blocked or a blood vessel in the brain bursts.

>Syringomyelia and tethered cord

Syringomyelia and tethered cord can occur months to many decades after SCI.

>Transverse myelitis

Interrupts communication between the nerves in the spinal cord and the rest of the body.

The National Paralysis Resource Center website is supported by the Administration for Community Living (ACL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as part of a financial assistance award totaling $8,700,000 with 100 percent funding by ACL/HHS. The contents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement, by ACL/HHS, or the U.S. Government.